Articles by our colleagues

Speaking Peace: An Introduction

Published as the introduction to Speaking Peace: Women's Voices fromKashmir, Urvashi Butalia ed, Kali for Women, 2002

by Urvashi Butalia  

For more than a decade now, women in Kashmir have been caught in the grip of a conflict which, over the years, has rapidly turned into a conflict between militant forces fighting for self determination or separation for the state of Kashmir, and the Indian government's security forces who are pitted against them.

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Some Reflections on Possible NGO Interventions in Situations of Conflict: The Experience of the Violent

  by Urvashi Butalia

India is a country that is seen, by and large, to have retained a kind of overall stability since it became independent in 1947. Although the moment of independence itself was marked by large-scale horrific violence that left nearly a million dead and hundreds of thousands of others permanently scarred, the country has not been seen as a region of conflict in the way that many others - such as Rwanda, Guatemala, Mozambique and more recently Eritrea and Sierra Leone - have. Indeed, in many ways, because of the considerable effectiveness of Gandhi's methods of non-violence during the nationalist movement for Independence, India's image has continued to be one of a country of peace and stability (something that is further strengthened by the fact of the country's size which means that many violent conflicts remain at a ‘local' level)..

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